The Patriotic Party (Turkey) Chairman Doğu Perinçek analyzes the ongoing negotiations between Turkish and Greek Cypriots on the unification of Cyprus
Cyprus is no doubt an integral part of the Turkish geopolitics. At the same time, the Island is an important base in the Eastern Mediterranean for the Eurasian forces. Eastern Mediterranean has always been the fighting scene of the sovereign forces since the early ages. Cyprus has became more important with the opening of the Suez Canal and the discovery of hydrocarbon resources. Today, the eastern Mediterranean is the key strategic pressure point of the power struggle in the Western Asia. Cyprus is a strategic territory in this region. Discovery of the new natural gas and oil deposits in this region has carried Cyprus's strategic importance to an indispensable point.
Turkey's vital position in Cyprus
Turkey can not give up on Cyprus for both strategic and economic reasons. To ensure the safety of lives and property of the Turkish Cypriots is one of the main duties of the Motherland Turkey. Turkey can not leave the future of its compatriots in Cyprus to the mercy of the US, EU and the Greeks. Moreover, even if there is not a single Turk lives on it, Turkey can not remain unresponsive to Cyprus which is located in the heart of its hinterland. Turkey as an important country in its region with a deep-rooted imperial tradition can not sit back and watch the developments that will confine itself to the mainland. Turkey's transportation routes in the Aegean Sea would possibly face some serious threats in case of a crisis or conflict. In this case, Turkey will only be able to breath through its southern ports. If Cyprus is abandoned, Turkey can not use this strategic area and can possibly experience an economic meltdown immediately. Those who previously attempted to establish a terrorist state in our border with Syria, now turned to open a new front. The imperialist attack which aims at Turkey through the Cyprus Island must be assessed very carefully.
Turkey's red lines in Cyprus
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) and Turkey have pursued a traditional negotiation strategy in the Cyprus issue up to this time. These two states built 'a national barrier of no compromise' around the three major principles and these principles were declared to the public by the spokes of the Turkish government from time to time.
The first and the most important of these principles is the "effective and de-facto guarantee of Turkey". Here, the simplest compromise will result in the loss of Cyprus.
The second principle is the "political equality" and the last one is the "absolute bi-zonality" in terms of both territory and population.
Concessions to be made in these areas would destroy the federal state structure in real terms. The Turkish Cypriots would become a minority in the Island and then face serious security threats.