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The Origins of Eurasianism in Turkey

Today, Turkey is breaking away from the Atlantic camp and heading towards the rising Eurasia as a natural result of the changing geo-political power axis mainly in the region and across the world

Kerem YILDIRIM

I think it is highly crucial for the intellectuals across the world to be informed about the historical development process of the 
Eurasianist movement in Turkeyparticularly at a time when Turkey's participation in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is being questioned in the country at the state level and in an historical turn that Turkey will chair the Energy Clubof the organization (SCO) as the first non-member country in this position.


The world entered into an unipolar ruling era after the dissolution of the Soviet bloc in December 26, 1991. At that time, the U.S. declared itself as the 'world super power' by introducing the 'end of the history thesis'.


After the World War IIBritain turned over its historical leadership over the Western imperialist-capitalist world to the United States because of the political and economic turbulences it had experienced during that time.


The U.S. was the only country which arised triumphant from the two world wars. The same U.S. began making sharp economic, political and military moves in the context of the U.S. policy of containment which aims to inhibit the spread and influence of communism and the Soviet Union worldwide after 1945.


One of the most significant steps which was taken in this context was the organization of a united military power in accordance with the U.S' imperialist character.


For that reason, the Western imperialist bloc founded the North Atlantic Pact (NATO)under the leadership of the U.S. in 1949. The main cause of the NATO was 'fighting against communism'.


Turkey joined the NATO in 1952. In the sight of the U.S., Turkey was a strong outpost in the southern hinterland of the Soviet Empire. Since this period, Turkey has become one of the most 'indispensable allies' of the U.S. and the Turkish foreign and domestic policy has been reshaped according to this new approach.


The Soviet Union which was the most reliable ally of Turkish War of Independence was declared as an 'enemy' by the ruling powers of the country at that period and this hostile policy was maintained for an half century as a 'state policy'.


After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the existence of the NATO became meaningless. For this reason, the NATO as a 'defense organization' made a 'conceptual change' after 1990.


According to this new concept, radical Islamism became a new major threat to the world. The U.S., was then began declaring the Islamic organizations of which it had supported against communism in the 70s and 80s as an enemy.


U.S. then launched another campaign to liquidate the nation states across the region through this new concept. Because the nation states were critical obstacles for the globalization of the imperialist capital.


In his 1997 book, 'The Grand Chessboard'Zbigniew Brzezinski who is one of the mentors of the Washington administration characterized the Eurasia region that included Central Asia, Turkey, southern Russia, the western borders of China, the entire Middle East, the Persian Gulf (Iran), Afghanistan and Pakistan as the 'global-zone of percolating violence'.


As you can understand from this passage, the Eurasia concept was for the first time suggested by the ideologues of the US imperialism itself, not by the defenders of the nation states against the imperialist globalization attack.


The Chairman of Patriotic Party (former Workers' Party - Turkey) Doğu Perinçekexpressed the following opinions against the relevant analyses of Brzezinski:


"...We characterized this zone (Eurasia) as a 'zone of chaos' at the beginning of the 1990s. The U.S. and Europe provoked the ethnic and religious contradictions in Eurasia and used them in order to gain control. They clearly called this region as a 'crisis zone'The Balkans, the Caucasus, the Middle East and the Central Asia, has began taking place in Turkey's governmental programs and statements after the U.S. official documents as the four major 'crisis territories'. Each crisis and chaos zones are at the same time the revolution zones. The revolution is the solution of the people and laborers for the system crashes. For this reason, Eurasia has become a revolution zone in an objective sense."


Perinçek also developed a new approach, a new revolutionary strategy focused on the main element (the nation state) which was the main target of the imperialist agression.


Perinçek at that time said "...Undoubtly; Africa and Latin America are also a part of the opressed world. However, Eurasia is the continent which embraces the essential powers of the potential of resistance against imperialism with Russia, China, India, Arab and Turkic world"


The U.S. dominant classes organized the 1st. Gulf War which started the 'engineered destruction and political fragmentation of Iraq' in 1990.


The U.S. Army physically settled in Iraq and laid the foundation of a puppet Kurdish state. By this way, the U.S. put the '2nd Israel Plan' into action which is a major security threat for the countries in the region particularly Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran.


The Workers' Party (Today's Patriotic Party) held the "Eurasia Conference"on November 19-20, 1996. The aim of the conference was 'organizing the people of Eurasia and the nation states to create a joint struggle against the global aggression of imperialism.' The conference which was held in Istanbul brought all forces of Eurasia which has potential to resist against the imperialism together in a joint struggle.





List of participants:


ASIA


China International Friendship and Solidarity Association board member Prof. Tom Ronggen

Chinese Researcher Ren Chuanxing


Chairman of the Union of the Communist Parties of Russia Oleg Shayinin

Chairman of the Communist Workers' Party of Russia (RKRP) Viktor Tulkin

RKRP Central Committee member Boris Mikhailovich Gunko

RKRP member Prof. Gennadi Starginchov


Kim Yang Gon, the Vice President of the International Relations Department of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) - Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), 3 other delegates from the Central Committee


Representative of the Communist Party of Japan


Secretary General of the Communist Party of Nepal Madhav Kumar

Jeetengra Narayan Dev, a member of the Central Committee


UK representative of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) Avtar Sadıg


Representative of the Communist Party of Tajikistan


EUROPE


Danish Communist Party Politburo member Finn Ekman

Representative of the United Left Sefa Marti Yürükel


Egyptian-French Marxian economist and intellectual Samir Amin


Representative of the Communist Refoundation Party of Italy


Polish Left Party representative


British MP of the European Parliament Tom Megahy's political adviser Steve McGiffen


Executive Board member of the Socialist Party of Bulgaria


The Representative of Serbian Socialist Party Danilo Pantevic


Central Committee member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of GreeceThanassis Paparighas


The representative of the International Relations Bureau of the Communist Party of the People of Spain Quin Boix


Member of Central Committee of the Communist Party of Portugal Domingos Lopez


MIDDLE EAST


Baath Party (Iraq ) Foreign Relations Office member

Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) representative


Palestine Liberation Organization (Fatah)

Representative of the Palestinian People's Party/Democratic Front Sharif Mishal


Politburo member of the Syrian Communist Party Dr. Ammar Dukhash


Representative of the Communist Party of Jordan


AFRICA


Secretary-General of the Sudanese Workers' Confederation Prof. Ibrahim Gundour


CAUCASIA


Representative of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan


Representative of the Communist Party of Bashkortostan


Representative of the Communist Party of Georgia


Representative of the Communist Party of Ossetia


Representative of the Communist Party of Nagorno-Karabakh


Representative of the Communist Party of Abkhazia


Representative of the Communist Party of Acaristan






The first draft of the 'Eurasian Option' brought into question in the party circles after being published in the 64th issue of the 'Theory', the media organ of the Workers' Partyin 1995.


The Workers' Party adopted the policy of 'Eurasianism' at its 4th Ordinary Congress held only 2 days after the Eurasia Conference in Ankara on 22-24 November 1996.


The US has begun implementing the Greater Middle East Project in this process. This process was at the same time the beginning of the American siege which aimed 'changing the maps of 24 Muslim countries including Turkey' in other words dismemberment of the nation states in the Middle East and North Africa. These developments, particularly the covert attacks of the US caused a strong confrontation between Turkish and the U.S. military authorities.


The important events that have taken place in this process are as follows:


  • Resignation of the Chief of General Staff Necip Torumtay on 3 December 1990

  • Assassination of the Gen. Eşref Bitlis in 1993;

  • Operation Steel, a cross-border operation by the Turkish Armed Forces into northern Iraq between 20 March and 4 May 1995 against the terrorist PKK

  • Turkish parliament's rejection of being an active member of US-led coalition forces in Iraq in 1 March 2003

  • The Hood event, an incident on July 4, 2003 following the 2003 invasion of Iraq where a group of Turkish military personnel operating in northern Iraq were captured, led away with hoods over their heads, and interrogated by the United States military.

  • Ergenekon and Balyoz trials: A series of political trials of which the U.S. imperialism covertly targeted the officials of the Worker's Party and the Eurasianist officers, generals of the Turkish Armed Forces with forged trials organized by the U.S. backed Gulenist network infiltrated in the key points of the bureaucracy, military, security and judiciary. So-called Gulen Community which is responsible for the failed coup attempt in July 15, 2016 is today being recognized as a Terrorist Organization(Fethullah Terrorist Organization- FETO) by Turkish Government.


At that time, the Worker's Party tried to develop a political line focused on 'defending Turkey against the global imperialist attack' in the light of the latest political and economic developments in the region and across the world. The Eurasianist ideas were built on a more solid ground at the 5th Ordinary Congress of the Worker's Party in December 17-19, 1999.


The '2nd. Eurasian International Conference' was organized by Aydınlık Newspaper after the 5th Ordinary Congress of the Worker's Party in Istanbul on April 5 - 7, 2000. The Eurasian Initiative was established during the conference with the participation of 33 political parties from 24 countries.


The report of the meeting ended with a political emphasis which we can summarize as 'the future of mankind is secured by the Eurasian forces'.


Unity of the People and Army


Turkey is currently on the verge of solving problems which could only be solved by means of the Army.


Turkey can only deter and neutralise the threats coming from the Atlantic camp through the Northern Iraq, Aegean costs and Cyprus by an armed struggle. Combatting against the Islamic extremisim can also be considered in the context of this deterrence policy.


Today we are at the point of which Mustafa Kemal decided to organize a 'national resistance in Anatolia'.


After 80 years, the 'national army is again a mandatory deterrent force' for the citizens of the Turkish Republic.


Defending the national state and the Republican principals should be considered in this context.


Ignoring this historical and practical reality with unrealistic discourses such as 'peace and democracy' would no doubt drag us to a historical mistake.


The Nation State and National Army


The Western imperialists clearly know that they cannot destroy the nation state without removing the national army. The idea of reshaping the Turkish Armed Forces in the 'U.S. Pentagon model' derives from this strategy.


We are sure without any shadow of doubt that the Turkish state as a nation state was founded through an armed struggle against imperialism and can only be destroyed again with an armed struggle in the same way. The nation state and national army will resist.


This is the iron law of our era: An army which conducted a war of independence against the imperialists cannot allow the enemy to abolish its nation state in any condition.


Turkish Army's strong opposition against the U.S. Northern Iraq project which started with the Operation Steel in March-May 1985 confirms the analysis of our party and is a development of historical significance.


This is a historical process with lots of ups and downs. In the final analysis, not the influence of the NATO's clandestine organs but a solid national character will set the course of the Turkish Armed Forces. The army's unity based on the commitment to the principles of the Kemalist Revolution is the guarantee of Turkey's bright future.


All revolutionary breakthroughs are the products of the partnership established between the 'people and the army' in everywhere throughout the history.


The New Republican Revolution will become stronger after the unity of the people and army coming from the tradition of the War of Independence will put Kemalist revolution on its natural track.

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